Andy Warhol (1928-1987)


More than twenty years after his death, Andy Warhol remains one of the most influential figures in contemporary art and culture. Born Andrew Warhola to a working-class immigrant family in Pittsburgh, Warhol trained as a commercial artist at the Carnegie Institute of Technology. In 1949 he moved to New York and became a successful illustrator. Within a year of arriving, Warhol garnered top assignments as a commercial artist for a variety of clients including Columbia Records, Glamour, Harper’s Bazaar, NBC, Tiffany & Co., and Vogue. 


In May of 1952 Warhol held his first fine solo exhibition at the Hugo Gallery, with Fifteen Drawings Based on the Writings of Truman Capote. The Museum of Modern Art (among others) took notice, and in 1956 the institution included his work in his first group show. In 1962, he debuted the concept of ‘pop art’, showing thirty-two canvases of Campbell’s soup cans. The show created a major stir in the art world, bringing pop art into the national spotlight and making Warhol a critical sensation.


Warhol’s omnivorous curiosity resulted in an enormous body of work that spanned every available medium and collapsed the boundaries between high and low culture. In 1963 Warhol established The Factory, an underground circle of artists, actors, musicians, drug addicts, and misfits. The Factory quickly became one of New York’s cultural hotspots and achieved mythic status for glamorizing a subversive way of life. Warhol captured life’s every minute detail with iconoclastic sensibility in all its messy, ordinary glamour and broadcast it through his work, to a wide and receptive audience.


Warhol’s life and work simultaneously satirized and celebrates materiality and celebrity. On the one hand, his paintings of distorted brand images and celebrity faces could be read as a critique of what he viewed as a culture obsessed with money and celebrity. On the other hand, Warhol's focus on consumer goods and pop-culture icons, as well as his own taste for money and fame, suggest a life in celebration of the very aspects of American culture that his work criticized. Warhol spoke to this apparent contradiction between his life and work in his book The Philosophy of Andy Warhol, writing that "making money is art and working is art, and good business is the best art."


The Andy Warhol Museum, Pittsburgh
The Museum of Modern Art, New York City
The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City
High Museum of Art, Atlanta, Georgia




Selected Solo Exhibitions:
Unexposed Exposures – Steven Kasher Gallery, New York City
Andy Warhol: The Last Decade – Milwaukee Art Museum
Andy Warhol’s Dream America – Nevada Museum of Art, Reno, Nevada
Warhola Becomes Warhol: Early Work – Williams College Museum of Art, Massachusetts
Andy Warhol Retrospective – Leeum, Samsung Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea
Andy Warhol and Minimal Art – Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany
Andy Warhol Exhibit – New World of Coca-Cola Museum, Atlanta, Georgia
Galeria de Arte del Centro Cultural de la Pontifica Universidad Catolica del Peru, Lima, Peru
Andy Warhol’s Dream America – Toldeo Museum of Art, Toledo, Ohio
Andy Warhol Presents – University Art Museum, Santa Barbara, California
Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
Andy Warhol Disaster Prints – Kampa Museum, Prague, Czech Republic
Andy Warhol Retrospective – The Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh, Scotland
Silent Spring: Warhol’s Endangered Species and Vanishing Animals ­– Morris Museum, New Jersey
Other Voices, Other Rooms – The Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Andy Warhol: Larger than Life – Winnipeg Art Gallery, Manitoba, Canada
Self Portrait Exhibition – La Casa Encendida, Madrid, Spain
Andy Warhol Retrospective – Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane, Australia
Time Capsule 64 – The Andy Warhol Museum, Pennsylvania
Prints from Andy Warhol (From A to B & Back Again) – Kampa Museum, Prague, Czech Republic
Campbell’s Soup Cans – Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles
Jewish Geniuses – Jewish Museum, New York City
The American Supermarket – Paul Bianchini Gallery, New York City           
Ferus Gallery, Los Angeles, California
Stable Gallery, New York City
Wild Raspberries – Bodley Gallery, New York City
A Show of Golden Pictures – Bodley Gallery, New York City
Drawings for a Boy-Book – Bodley Gallery, New York City
The Golden Slipper Show or Shoes Shoe in America – Bodley Gallery, New York City
Fifteen Drawings Based on the Writings of Truman Capote – The Hugo Gallery, New York City



Selected Group Exhibitions:
Regarding Warhol: Sixty Artists, Fifty Years – Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City
That’s Why We Do It - Kunsthaus Bregenz, Bregenz
Forbidden Love: Art in the Wake of Television Camp - Kölnischer Kunstverein, Cologne
After Image – Paula Cooper Gallery, New York City
Still-Life Polaroids – Paul Kasmin, New York City
Pop Goes West – Eiteljorg Museum of American Indians and Western Art, Indianapolis, Indiana
Factory Work: Warhol, Wyeth, and Basquiat – Farnsworth Art Museum, Maine
Pop Art 1960’s – 2000’s – Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art, Hiroshima, Japan
Air Art – traveling exhibition curated by Willoughby Sharp


Selected Publications:
The Andy Warhol Diaries published by Warner Books (1989)
Popism: The Warhol Sixties published by Harcourt Brace Jovanovich (1980)
The Philosophy of Andy Warhol (From A to B & Back Again) published by Harcourt Brace Jovanovich(1975)
a, A Novel published by Grove Press (1968)
Holy Cats privately published (ca. 1954)
Wild Raspberries privately published (ca. 1954)
A Gold Book privately published (ca. 1954)
25 Cats Name Sam and One Blue Pussy privately published (1954)